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Accurate determination of cannabinoid concentrations in cannabis and CBD samples is one of the important components of cannabis & CBD testing. ACS determines 16 different cannabinoids and quantifies the level to a specific amount. Our Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatographs deliver the highest accuracy that end users can depend on.
MATRIX: Flowers/Plants, Derivative Products and Edibles
ANALYTES: 16 count
OPTIONAL: Total 16
TESTING POTENCY BEYOND THC & CBD
Cannabis potency testing measures the cannabinoids present in your cannabis sample and measures the strength of those compounds. ACS Lab uses an Ultra High Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), which is the preferred instrument for testing cannabis edibles and extracts due to its ability to test samples at room temperature without requiring a catalyst to produce a heat reaction. This method can also test for THC Acid (THCA) and CBD Acid (CBDA), which a gas chromatograph would not.
CONSUMERS ARE DEMANDING MORE INSIGHT
When deciding which cannabis strains best suit your consumer’s needs, it’s vital to consider the cannabinoids present in your products as well as their potency. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds secreted by cannabis flowers that mimic the effects of endocannabinoids, which are naturally produced by the human body. Endocannabinoids interact with the human body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which helps us maintain homeostasis. Thus cannabinoids can be a vital part of human health and determine your product’s therapeutic value.
LOOKING FOR BETTER POTENCY TEST RESULTS?
Cannabinoids occur mostly in the plant resin that’s produced by the structures known as trichomes. Trichomes help protect cannabis from insects, animals, fungi, light contaminators and other environmental attackers. The sticky resin is also rich in terpenes, which are responsible for the plant’s smell, taste and therapeutic effects.
To help influence your plant’s cannabinoid profile, the best method is to select a seed whose genes have the potential to produce the potency you desire. For example, if you live in the mountains you may select a seed that was specially bred for high altitude growth. But you may also influence how much resin a plant produces through its micronutrients, temperature exposure, humidity levels, harvest methods, and water quality.
Heat for example, can hinder resin formation, so you may want to keep temperatures as low as possible–especially in the late stages of the plant’s bloom cycle. You also want to pay close attention to trichome color throughout the harvest. When trichomes are clear and translucent, they’re not ready for processing yet. But as you notice the trichomes lose opacity and form an amber hue, you know that the plant has reached optimal levels of cannabinoids.
LEGAL & SCIENTIFIC DRIVERS FOR POTENCY TESTING
As laws continue to change in the U.S., the need for standardized and consistent potency testing is necessary to keep consumers safe from unwanted side effects and product contamination. Potency testing may also be needed to guarantee that your hemp product is legal by proving that it contains less than the maximum limit of THC (.3%).
Potency testing also allows scientists to research how cannabinoids may work differently based on whether they are contained in flower, oils, or topicals. This type of research can enhance the ability to market your product to the targeted customer that could benefit from its effects the most.
It’s also important to understand your product’s potency to meet market demand for high THC or CBD levels. You can also utilize potency results to educate your customers with information they need to determine the proper dose for their specific symptoms. When a product’s cannabinoid profile is transparent and documented, customers can work with their dispensary professional to find the best strain for them.
Cannabinoids interact with the body’s ECS by connecting to various endocannabinoid receptors that are present in the brain (known as CB-1 receptors) and throughout the body (CB-2 receptors). Depending on which CB receptor the cannabinoid attaches to, the effects on the body can be significantly different, which can be important if you’re considering a cannabis strain that is needed for pain relief, for instance, as opposed to mood regulation. Cannabis plants can produce anywhere between 80-100 different types of cannabinoids that synergize to make up the therapeutic and cognitive effects of the strain. The two most in-demand cannabinoids are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), but other compounds like Cannabinol (CBN) are also starting to emerge. Customers understand these compounds at a basic level and expect to see potency levels that match their desired effects.
POTENCY TESTING WITH ACS LABORATORY
At ACS Laboratory, we currently test flowers, edibles and extracts for 16 different types of cannabinoids, which can alleviate symptoms related to several common conditions: Mood and behavior disorders; gastrointestinal and neurological ailments; and pain and sleep-related issues, to name a few. Refer to the FAQ section below that explains more about each cannabinoid as well as the importance of potency testing.
FAQS ABOUT POTENCY TESTING
No. The two primary ways in which cannabis potency is tested is either by Gas Chromatography (GC) or High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Some companies use GC due to its speed of analysis and simplicity in finding common cannabinoids like THC, CBD or Cannabinol (CBN). This method imitates the process of heating the cannabis product, so if the product will be smoked, this method can provide insight on the potency of different cannabinoids in this form.
However, because heat is required in this process, acid forms of cannabinoids like THCA or CBDA, cannot be identified. This is where HPLC becomes a favorable way to test cannabis potency because it can identify the acid molecules of major cannabinoids before they will convert to their corresponding compounds through the heat of smoking or baking. HPLC instruments use an ultraviolet wavelength detector to identify the cannabinoids so it is much more inclusive of various forms of cannabinoids in their free form or acidic state. HPLC is often the preferred choice for potency testing.
LAB TESTING SERVICES
ADDITIONAL LAB TESTS
We pickup where most laboratories drop off. With in-house protocol development by our deep scientific team we’re able to develop analysis protocols to meet our clients’ specific needs or to quickly adapt to market demands. Our additional tests include Vitamin E Acetate, Shelf Life & Stability, Micronutrients, Flavonoids and Plant Regulators. We also have extensive capabilities in testing Edibles and Nano products.
Continnue at: https://acslabcannabis.com/
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