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Hemp and Marijuana are both varieties of the same plant species (Fig. 1). Cannabis sativa contains
over 400 chemical compounds. 113 of these compounds are known as cannabinoid and have an
influence on the human body through cannabinoid receptors on the cells. The human body itself
produces endocannabinoids which play a crucial role in regulating our physiology and mood. The
Cannabinoids found in plants are called phytocannabinoids. The best known is THC
(Tetrahydrocannabinole) which is mainly contained in Marijuana. Another major cannabinoid is CBD
(Cannabidiole) found in female hemp. CBD has not the psychotropic properties as THC. For the
production of CBD / Cannabis oil plants with a THC content of less than 0.3 % are cultivated.
For the production of the CBD oil only the female hemp buds are used. After around 105 days growth, the buds are harvested and dried at 25 °C / 77 °F e.g. in an air flow chamber. The dried buds first go through a grinding process, to get the optimal fineness. The particle size is important as it determines the percentage of extracted cannabinoids from the plant. Besides the particle size the temperature and pressure during the extraction process influences the percentage of cannabinoids too. An overview is shown in figure 2.
We build Industrial Site for Cannabis Oil Extraction. See more at: PHARMAIUM
The Cannabis plant itself does not produce the volitional THC and CBD, but their acidic alternates
THCA and CBDA. During the decarboxylation step, also known as decarbing, introduced heat
transforms the acidic structure into their active forms THC and CBD. This is necessary because only
the active forms can bind onto the cannabinoid receptors in human bodies. The more detailed
description of extraction and purification procedure is in chapter 2 and 4.
Continue at: https://www.filtrox.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Using-Depth-Filters-for-Cannabis-Oil-Production-15.02.19.pdf
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