In a new work, silica (SiO2) nanoparticles are physically modified with poly(ethyleneimine) as surface modifier.
The SiO2 nanoparticles were synthesised and physically decorated with poly(ethyleneimine), then the untreated and surface-treated SiO2 nanoparticles were analysed by FTIR, TGA and SEM techniques. The results show that poly(ethyleneimine) hyperbranched molecule is successfully attached to the surface of SiO2 nanoparticles enabling epoxy ring opening. Both untreated and modified particles are impregnated into an epoxy/amine system to fabricate nanocomposite coatings.
SiO2 nanoparticles as a promising nanomaterial
The effect of the aforementioned SiO2 nanoparticles on the curing behavior of the epoxy/amine system was investigated by means of dynamic DSC analysis. The results demonstrated that, while addition of untreated silica nanoparticles could not seriously curing reactions, the introduction of poly(ethyleneimine)-modified SiO2 facilitated crosslinking of epoxy/amine system thanks to the abundance of amine reactive groups on the particle surface that gives worth to the poly(ethyleneimine)-modified SiO2 nanoparticles as a promising nanomaterial for manufacturing highly-curable epoxy-based nanocomposite coatings.
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