Derivation of Maximum Levels of Vitamins and Minerals Added to Foods Based on Risk Assessment

Although an adequate and varied diet can, under normal circumstances, provide all
necessary nutrients for normal development and maintenance of a healthy life,
consumers often desire to improve the perceived quality of their diet because of
their particular lifestyles or other reasons. Food supplements and fortified foods,
enriched with vitamins and minerals, have become increasingly available and
popular on the European market.
Relevant national regulations for the addition of micronutrients to foods vary widely
within the European Community. The first steps towards harmonisation of existing
regulations were the adoption of Directive 2002/46/EC on food supplements and
the publication of a draft proposal for the regulation of the voluntary addition of
vitamins and minerals to foods. Both regulations contain rules on the range of
vitamins and minerals that may be added to supplements and normal foods.
However, as some micronutrients may cause adverse effects if consumed in
excessive amounts, values for maximum levels of vitamins and minerals added to
those products are foreseen in the EU regulation.
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